What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is the Fastest Growing Disease in the World Today!
*source Centers for Disease Control
A global epidemic
An estimated 285 million people worldwide are affected by diabetes. With a further 7 million people developing diabetes each year, this number is expected to hit 438 million by 2030.
The changing face of diabetes in Canada
Today, more than 9 million Canadians live with diabetes or prediabetes.
Approximately 10% of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. The number of people with type 2 diabetes is increasing dramatically due to a number of factors:
The population is aging. Obesity rates are rising. Canadian lifestyles are increasingly sedentary. Aboriginal people are three to five times more likely than the general population to develop type 2 diabetes. Almost 80% of new Canadians come from populations that are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes. These include people of Aboriginal, Hispanic, Asian, South Asian or African descent.
The costs of diabetes
The personal costs of diabetes may include a reduced quality of life and the increased likelihood of complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, amputation and erectile dysfunction.
Approximately 80% of people with diabetes will die as a result of heart disease or stroke. Diabetes is a contributing factor in the deaths of approximately 41,500 Canadians each year. Canadian adults with diabetes are twice as likely to die prematurely, compared to people without diabetes. Life expectancy for people with type 1 diabetes may be shortened by as much as 15 years. Life expectancy for people with type 2 diabetes may be shortened by 5 to 10 years.
The financial burden of diabetes and its complications is enormous.
People with diabetes incur medical costs that are two to three times higher than those without diabetes. A person with diabetes can face direct costs for medication and supplies ranging from $1,000 to $15,000 a year.By 2020, it’s estimated that diabetes will cost the Canadian healthcare system $16.9 billion a year.
Similar increases are expected in the next decade and beyond.